The average salary of front-end developers in 2021 was $103,981. On the other hand, the average salary of back-end developers was $$118,813 per year. Just like Git, your front-end developer needs to understand how to code asynchronously. So, in layman’s terms, they need to be able to work on different bits of code separately, before merging them into the main code.

Wiring up, integrating with, and even authoring data sources, services, and APIs. This can include things like retrieving, manipulating, and displaying content from a CMS, or posting data to the appropriate service when a user submits a form. Maintaining the presentational components as a product, meaning handling versioning, deploying, governance, release notes and all the operational stuff goes into maintaining a software product. Optimizing the performance of front-end code in order to create lightweight, fast-loading, snappy, jank-free experiences.

Workshops & Training I educate organizations about design systems, atomic design, responsive design, strategy, and more. I love helping teams understand the concepts, techniques, and tools used to create successful design systems and establish more collaborative workflows. If you’re interested in having me in to give a one or multi-day workshop How to do FrontEnd Development at your company, get in touch! Consulting I help organizations create successful design systems and bring great web projects to life. If you have a project that could use my frontend help, please feel free to reach out.Writing I write about web design best practices, design systems, responsive design, and other tasty topics on my blog.

After all, it’s the foundation behind most of today’s front-end technology. Writing unit tests for the presentational UI component library code to ensure the components look and function properly. Adaptability – technologies change fast and new solutions become available. Front-end developers have to stay up to date with all tech novelties, and quickly pick up new ways of working in order to remain relevant. If engineers can’t let go of outdated technology, the product they build might eventually be outperformed by more innovative competitors. While front-end developers aren’t responsible for the design, per se, they need to be comfortable using tools like Adobe Illustrator, InVision, Sketch, and others.

What Key Skills Are Needed To Be A Front

However, if you were to explain how it differs from the back-end would you be able to do so without any confusion? Front-end and back-end development are inseparable, one cannot function without the other, yet they aren’t the same thing. In today’s piece, I’m going to focus on what it means to be a modern front-end developer. Before deciding on a niche in either front-end or back-end dev, give both a go.

  • It’s worth pointing out that the United States offers some of the highest rates globally.
  • Their work title gives away what they do in terms of software, as front-end engineers combine the logic and functionality with the front, i.e., the user interface.
  • I wrote a book called Atomic Design, which covers all that goes into creating and maintaining effective design systems.
  • For this reason, they often check in with design teams to make sure that their work won’t affect the intended design.
  • If you’ve landed a gig at a great company or in a rotational grad program, then it’ll probably work out just fine — you can find your niche after starting out in the role you’re given.
  • This makes me incredibly happy as these labels provide a much-needed distinction between the types of web development that need to occur in order to build successful web things.

That being said, here are the most common front-end developer skills you’ll want to tick off your hiring list when screening your candidates. For the most viable career trajectory, align yourself with either front-end or back-end first, then once you gain a deeper knowledge in practice, you can think about trying out full-stack. If you move into full-stack too soon, you can spread yourself thin in your knowledge of all relevant techs. If you haven’t yet started your studies, then the world is your oyster.

Side Projects & Collaborations

It seems like nearly everything I discussed above is reflected in the Meta ad. To become a front-end developer one needs a good combination of tech-savviness, collaboration skills, and an understanding of product design concepts. They are also responsible for optimizing the performance. Creativity – while front-end developers don’t need the same level of artistry as designers, they still have to be able to think creatively in order to build and deploy websites. To make sure that the end product is visually appealing and in line with UX and UI designers’ vision, front-end engineers have to select the best solution. And there usually is more than one option available.

The modern front-end developer must have advanced CSS and HTML5 skills, supplemented by a number of other hard skills that I explain below. Consuming the UI code authored by the front-of-the-front-end developers in order to compose screens and connect real functionality data, and services. Architecting the flexibility/composibility of the component library, working with developers to understand how open/composable or rigid/locked down each component should be. Creating a library of presentational UI components authored in a templating language are packaged up to be consumed by other developers. If you’re looking for the best tech talent then check out MVP Match. Not only will we find you a front-end developer who will perfectly fit your project within 48 hours, but we will also take care of all the paperwork for you.

Have a project that could use some consulting or frontend help? Music I play music with my wife and brother in our home studio. Being detail-oriented – front-end developers are creators, they’re responsible for how the site or web app looks and feels. And since it directly impacts the user experience, every little detail matters.

Frameworks & Libraries

In a nutshell, HTML is the markup language used to display information on websites. It helps serve up static, ‘raw’ information, like text, forms, buttons, etc., without styling. Here’s where CSS takes over, functioning as a language that adds the visual layer to the site’s info.

Has your organization shifted toward a “front-of-the-front-end/back-of-the-front-end” split? These roles and responsibilities are constantly changing, but the general split between “look and feel” and “functionality” continues to be a decent delineation. Optimizing the performance of JavaScript code in order to create a snappy, responsive application that fetches and fetches/posts data quickly. Working with back-of-the-front-end developers to ensure the front-end code is compatible with back-end code, services, APIs, and other technology architecture. Creating CSS code that control the look and feel of the web experience, tackling colors, typography, responsive layout, animation, and any other visual aspect of the UI. Front-end designers architect resilient CSS code with a focus on modularity, flexibility, compatibility, and extensibility.

Our Top Talent

JavaScript – 97% of all websites use JS, which makes it a no-brainer for this list. Mozilla has found a neat analogy for JavaScript, calling it the third layer of the web technology cake. It adds the interactive, dynamic element to your otherwise static website created with HTML and CSS. There are a number of JS libraries and frameworks , which are widely used by developers to make it easier to code. This does not mean, however, that front-end engineers can get away with not knowing how to code in pure JavaScript.

Frontend Design

There are no hidden costs, and the longer you work with us, the less it costs you. A front-end developer’s salary will depend on a few factors like their experience and seniority level, the country they’re based in, and the industry they work for. As mentioned earlier, the front-end development cake layers are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. A back-end developer might be expected to understand these three (as they’re the fundament of today’s software), but they must really excel in back-end languages. Front-end developers wear the accessibility and responsivity badge proudly on their chests. They need to make sure that the website works well for all users, on mobile and desktop.

It’s a role that not only requires advanced technical skills but also a large dose of creativity and a good sense of aesthetics. No wonder graphic designers become front-end engineers or the other way around. Let’s now take a look at a job ad posted by Meta to get a better understanding of what it takes to become a front-end engineer and what their main responsibilities are.

Atomic Design

I bet you witnessed a situation where a designer prepared a project and handed it over to the dev team to code, but the final product ended up looking differently, to say the least. Being detail-focused, allows front-end engineers to build products, which perfectly reflect the designer’s vision. If you’re curious how the front-end developer’s salary varies depending on the company, then here is a quick overview from Glassdoor. Out of all the businesses listed below, eBay seems to be the most generous. It’s important to be aware of the market rates since good tech talent is scarce. If you fail to offer competitive salaries, your developers might start to look for other options.

For this reason, they need to safeguard any back-end changes that could affect how data is displayed or drawn for users. For example, how quickly search data appears on screen, how long it takes for data input to be processed, etc. Front-end developers must understand the steps in the design process and engage in design-related conversations with UI/UX specialists. After all, they are responsible for implementing visual components on the website.

Their work title gives away what they do in terms of software, as front-end engineers combine the logic and functionality with the front, i.e., the user interface. Working with front-of-the-front-end developers to ensure the UI component library contains all the components, variants, and API hooks necessary in order to build the application and all its states. Good listeners – front-end engineers aren’t lone wolves, they’re part of a bigger team that includes UX/UI designers, graphic designers, and back-end developers, among others. To bring concepts into life, they have to be good communicators and even better listeners. Part of their job is to collect requirements from clients and fellow team members and ensure they have a deep understanding of user needs and problems.

Bear in mind that a lot of great tech talent is located in Europe, which is significantly cheaper than the United States. Front-end engineers implement changes in the visual layer of the website . For this reason, they often check in with design teams to make sure that their work won’t affect the intended design. This is not to say that the work of back-end engineers doesn’t affect the front. Their work can impact the website’s security, support, and content management system. CSS and HTML5 – an absolute must for any front-end developer.

JQuery, another popular JS library that lets developers simplify work on the HTML Document Object Model . So, at least a quarter of website projects will call for this skill. This is an area I’ve been passionate about for a long while, so I’d love to hear about your experience navigating these waters.

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